On May 31 I reported that Ethiopia had offered troops to monitor the disputed regions between North and South Sudan. Since then hundreds have died in the attacks from the north by the Sudan Armed Forces and skirmishes with the SPLM based in the region. Thousands of refugees have poured out of burned villages, fleeing the on-going violence.
On June 20 leaders from north and south Sudan signed an agreement to demilitarize the disputed central region of Abuei and allow the peacekeeping force to come in, according to former South African president Thabo Mbeki who has been helping with the negociations. “An Ethiopian peacekeeping force that is ready to deploy will move in to Abyei as soon as possible,” Mbeki said. (italics mine)
June 24: The United States said it submitted a draft resolution to the United Nations Security Council that would authorize the deployment of 4,200 Ethiopian troops to Sudan’s Abyei region.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon welcomed the agreement and called on all sides to abide by its provisions, “to demilitarize the area and establish an administration and police service, and to provide their full cooperation to the United Nations and the government of Ethiopia.”
Those suffering are still waiting for help to arrive.
And the division of oil remains a problem:
June 22. With two weeks to go before Sudan splits in two (9 June), the ruling parties of north and south have failed to reach an agreement on oil management.
A meeting to settle future arrangements for the sale of Southern Sudan’s oil after independence proved fruitless after the delegation representing the Juba government pulled out.
Garang Diing, Minister of Energy and Mining in the Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS), warned Khartoum of taking unilateral decisions in dealing with Sudan’s oil, 75% of which comes from the south. “We are not given the right to market the oil after independence on 9 July in an official way. Whoever sells oil of Southern Sudan without permission is conducting an illegal business.”
Garang spoke to reporters after returning from the meeting in Khartoum to strike a deal over future oil marketing policy.